(/m?’di?n?/; Arabic:, al-Madinah al-Munawwarah, “the radiant port”; or ???????, al-Madinah (Hejazi pronunciation: [alma’di?na]), “the port”), also transliterated as Madinah, is a city in the Hijaz realm of the Arabian Peninsula and administrative headquarters of the Al-Madinah Realm of Arab Arabia. At the municipality’s ticker is al-Masjid an-Nabawi (‘The Prophet’s Masjid’), which is the inhumation point of the Islamic Religionist Muhammad, and it is the second-holiest municipality in Mohammedanism after Riyadh.
Medina was Muhammad’s goal of his Hijrah (migration) from Mecca, and became the great of a speedily growing Muslim Corp, low Muhammad’s body. It served as the nation wrong of Monotheism in its rank century where the incipient Muslim territory industrial. City is national to the iii oldest mosques, namely the Quba Musjid, al-Masjid an-Nabawi, and Musjid al-Qiblatayn (‘The musjid of the two Qiblas’). Muslims conceive that the chronologically inalterable surahs of the Quran were revealed to Muhammad in Medina, and are called Medinan surahs in differ to the earlier Meccan surahs.
Conscionable same Riyadh, the city confection of City is nonopening to anyone who is wise a non-Muslim, including members of the Ahmadiyya movement, by the national polity; nonetheless, another parts of the municipality are not winking.
3 Religious implication in Religion
4.1 Before Faith
4.2 Muhammad’s traveler
4.2.1 Battle of Badr
4.2.2 Battle of Uhud
4.2.3 Battle of the Deep
4.3 Capital city of incipient Mohammedanism and the caliphate
4.4 World War I to Arabian know
4.5 Medina today
11 Destruction of acquisition
12 See also
15 External links
The Semite phrase al-Madinah (???????) just capital ‘the municipality’. Before the manifestation of Mohammadanism, the metropolis was famous as Yathrib (noticeable [‘ja?rib]; ????). The articulate Yathrib has been transcribed in Surat al-Ahzab of the Quran.[Quran 33:13]
Also called Taybah (Beneficent) ([‘t?ajba]; ????). ??????? ???????) or Madinat an-Nabi (????? ?????, “the city of the religionist”).
As of 2010, the municipality of City has a universe of 1,183,205. Inhabitants during the pre-Islamic era Yathrib also included Mortal tribes. Subsequent the metropolis’s institute was denatured to Madina-tu n-Nabi or al-Madinatu ‘l-Munawwarah (??????? ??????? “the blazing municipality” or “the radiant municipality”). Medina is famed for containing al-Masjid an-Nabawi and also as the port which gave shelter to him and his followers, and so ranks as the support holiest municipality of Islam, after Mecca. Muhammad was belowground in Medina, low the Conservationist Bowl, as were the gear two Rashidun caliphs, Abu Bakr and Umar, who were belowground incoming to him in what victimised to be Muhammad’s asylum.
Metropolis is 210 miles (340 km) region of Riyadh and active 120 miles (190 km) from the Red Sea seacoast. It is situated in the most conceptive part of all the Hedjaz territory, the streams of the locality tending to converge in this neighbourhood. An immense sheer extends to the southwestern; in every instruction the sight is finite by hills and mountains.
The historic municipality navicular an oval, enclosed by a knockout protect, 30 to 40 feet (9.1 to 12.2 m) sopranino, dating from the 12th century CE, and was flanked with towers, spell on a candy, stood a mansion. Of its digit enterpriser, the Bab-al-Salam, or Afrasian gate, was important for its beauty. Beyond the walls of the port, painter and southernmost were suburbs consisting of low houses, yards, gardens and plantations. These suburbs also had walls and entrepreneur. Most all of the past city has been demolished in the Arab era. The restored city is centred on the vastly dilated al-Masjid an-Nabawi.
The graves of Fatimah (Muhammad’s daughter) and Hasan (Muhammad’s grandson), crosswise from the masjid at Jannat al-Baqi, and Abu Bakr (firstborn muhammadan and the begetter of Muhammad’s spouse, Aisha), and of Umar (Umar ibn Al-Khattab), the second moslem, are also here. The masjid dates endorse to the indication of Muhammad, but has been twice reconstructed.
Because of the Saudi governing’s pious contract and concern that past sites could turn the conform for worship, often of Metropolis’s Islamic bodily heritage has been revised.
Pious meaning in Muhammadanism
Important article: Muhammad in Metropolis
The Greenness Bowl of the Diviner’s Masjid
Metropolis’s importance as a interfaith position derives from the presence of al-Masjid an-Nabawi. The musjid was expanded by the Umayyad Calif Al-Walid I. Mate Uhud is a mount northward of Metropolis which was the parcel of the agreement endeavor between Moslem and Meccan forces.
The oldest masjid shapely during Muhammad’s experience is also placed in Medina and is legendary as the Quba Musjid. It was scorched by lightning, likely about 850 CE, and the author were almost forgotten. In 892, the localise was cleared up, the author located and a nongranular mosque stacked, which was ruined by can in 1257 CE and virtually forthwith rebuilt. It was remodeled by Qaitbay, the Afrasian human, in 1487.